Micronesia Population: 106,104

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The Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution in 1979. Independence came in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.

Four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 15 E
Area: total: 702 sq km
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)

note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)

Size comparison: four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 6,112 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Natural resources: timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Land use: arable land: 2.86%
permanent crops: 24.29%
other: 72.86% (2011)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)
Current Environment Issues: overfishing, climate change, pollution
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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Nationality: noun: Micronesian(s)
adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
Ethnic groups: Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)
Languages: English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Religions: Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 41.7% (Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%), other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census)
Population: 106,104 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 32.4% (male 17,478/female 16,915)
15-24 years: 20.4% (male 10,933/female 10,715)
25-54 years: 37.6% (male 19,370/female 20,551)
55-64 years: 6.3% (male 3,374/female 3,360)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 1,500/female 1,908) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 64.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 57.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.7 %
potential support ratio: 14.9 (2013)
Median age: total: 23.4 years
male: 22.8 years
female: 24 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.38% (2013 est.)
Birth rate: 21.44 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate: 4.27 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate: -20.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 23% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2009)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate: total: 22.71 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.07 years
male: 70.09 years
female: 74.16 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.68 children born/woman (2012 est.)
Health expenditures: 14.2% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density: 0.56 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density: 3.22 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 92% of population

urban: 6% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 8% of population (2000 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 59% of population
rural: 16% of population
total: 26% of population

urban: 41% of population
rural: 84% of population
total: 74% of population (2000 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: 40.6% (2008)
Education expenditures: NA
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 91%
female: 88% (1980 est.)
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Country name: conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form: none
local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
local short form: none
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
abbreviation: FSM
Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
Capital: name: Palikir
geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
National holiday: Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
Constitution: 10 May 1979
Legal system: mixed legal system of common and customary law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)

cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments (For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2015); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed

election results: Emanuel MORI reelected president by Congress unopposed; Alik L. ALIK reelected vice president
Legislative branch: unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)

elections: last held on 5 March 2013 (next to be held in March 2015)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 14
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and not more than 5 associate justices and organized into appellate and criminal divisions) judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the president of the Federated States of Micronesia with the approval of two-thirds of Congress; justices appointed for life

subordinate courts: the highest state-level courts are: Chuuk Supreme Court; Korsae State Court; Pohnpei State Court; Yap State Court
Political parties and leaders: no formal parties
International organization participation: ACP, ADB, AOSIS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
National anthem: name: "Patriots of Micronesia"
lyrics/music: unknown

note: adopted 1991; the anthem is also known as "Across All Micronesia;" the music is based on the 1820 German patriotic song "Ich hab mich ergeben," which was the West German national anthem from 1949-1950; variants of this tune are used in Johannes Brahms' "Festival Overture" and Gustav Mahler's "Third Symphony"
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Asterio R. TAKESY
chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Dorothea-Maria (Doria) ROSEN
embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941; U.S. Embassy in Micronesia, 4120 Kolonia Place, Washington, D.C. 20521-4120
telephone: [691] 320-2187
FAX: [691] 320-2186
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Economic activity consists of subsistence farming and fishing and government which is funded largely by Compact of Free Association (Compact) assistance provided by the US. The islands have few known mineral deposits worth commercial exploration. The potential for tourism is also limited by isolation, lack of adequate facilities, and limited air and water connections hinder development. Under the terms of the original Compact, the US provided $1.3 billion in grants and aid in 1986-2001. The US and the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) negotiated a second (amended) Compact agreement in 2002-2003 that took effect in 2004. The amended Compact runs for a 20-year period to 2024; during which the US will provide roughly $2.1 billion to the FSM. The amended Compact also includes a Trust Fund for the people of the FSM which is to provide an income stream beyond 2024 when Compact grants are to end. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile because of reduced US assistance and lackluster performance of its small and stagnant private sector.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $766.4 million (2012 est.) $756.3 million (2011 est.) $740.7 million (2010 est.)

note: GDP supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $327 million (2012 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 1.4% (2012 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $7,500 (2012 est.) $7,300 (2011 est.)
Agriculture - products: black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca), sakau (kava), Kosraen citrus, betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish
Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls)
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Labor force: 15,920 (2011)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 20.6%
services: 78.5% note: two-thirds of the labor force are government employees (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate: 22% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line: 26.7% (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $107 million
expenditures: $102 million (FY10/11 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 32.7% of GDP (FY10/11 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (2011 est.) 3.5% (2010 est.)
Current account balance: -$34.3 million (FY05 est.)
Exports: $24.9 million (2009 est.) $14 million (2004 est.)
Exports - commodities: fish, garments, bananas, black pepper, sakau (kava), betel nuts
Imports: $132.7 million (2004)
Imports - commodities: food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $75.06 million (31 December 2011 est.) $75.06 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Debt - external: $60.8 million (FY05 est.)
Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
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Electricity - production: 192 million kWh (2002) country comparison to the world: 182
Electricity - consumption: 178.6 million kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2002)
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Telephones in use: 8,500 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 202
Cellular Phones in use: 27,500 (2010)
Telephone system: general assessment: adequate system

domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; mobile-cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap

international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
Broadcast media: no TV broadcast stations; each state has a multi-channel cable service with TV transmissions carrying roughly 95% imported programming and 5% local programming; about a half dozen radio stations (2009)
Internet country code: .fm
Internet hosts: 4,668 (2012)
Internet users: 17,000 (2009)
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Airports: 6 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 172
Airports (paved runways): total 6

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)
Roadways: total 240 km
paved: 42 km
unpaved: 198 km (2000)
Merchant marine: total 3

by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2 (2010)
Ports and terminals: Colonia (Tomil Harbor), Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor
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Defense is the responsibility of the US
Military branches: no regular military forces (2012)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 26,712 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 22,008
females age 16-49: 23,501 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 1,276
female: 1,253 (2010 est.)
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 Transnational Issues
Illicit drugs: major consumer of cannabis
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   Source: CIA - The World Factbook


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